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Approximately 16 documents matched your search.
  1. 3/4/2011 / Longer breastfeeding is associated with increased lower body explosive strength during adolescence

    Extensive research supports multiple advantages of breastfeeding in humans. For infants, the benefits include health and nutritional needs, immunologic function, and physical, cognitive, psychological, and social development. In addition, breastfeeding has important implications for maternal...

  2. 3/4/2011 / Altered antioxidant and trace-element status in adolescent female gymnasts

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated during exercise. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) are plasma antioxidant enzymes that protect the body from harmful effects of ROS. It has been shown in adults that exercise induces production of these enzymes so people who...

  3. 3/4/2011 / Physical activity and dietary intake of children aged 9-11 years and the influence of peers on these behaviours: a 1-year follow-up study

     The purpose of this study was to identify key dietary and physical activity behavior patterns in a group of 9-11 year old children and compare them to established goals/recommendations for this population. In addition, the authors examined the influence of peers on health behaviors in this...

  4. 3/4/2011 / Muscle energetics changes throughout maturation: a quantitative P-MRS analysis

    Children are reported to be more resistant to fatigue than adults, but the metabolic mechanisms are unknown. Although it has been suggested that there are changes in metabolism during puberty, studies to elucidate this have been limited by invasive muscle biopsies. 31P-MRS (Magnetic Resonance...

  5. 3/4/2011 / Longer breastfeeding is associated with increased lower body explosive strength during adolescence

    Background: Extensive research supports multiple advantages of breastfeeding in humans. For infants, the benefits include health and nutritional needs, immunologic function, and physical, cognitive, psychological, and social development. In addition, breastfeeding has important implications for...

  6. Energy and macronutrient intake in adolescent sprint athletes: A follow-up study

    Young athletes require nutrients for growth as well as energy to fuel athletic performance. Sprinters, specifically, require the ability to generate high amounts of force for a short time period during their event and their nutrition can be tailored to optimize their performance. In general,...

  7. Bone health and the female athlete triad in adolescent athletes

    Bone is composed of a calcium-containing mineral called hydroxyapatite deposited on a phosphate-containing matrix. Bone mineral density (BMD) is defined as the amount of inorganic salts (ex. calcium and phosphate) exists per volume of bone. High bone density and high peak bone mass (PBM) are...

  8. Energy and macronutrient intake in adolescent sprint athletes: A follow-up study

    Young athletes require nutrients for growth as well as energy to fuel athletic performance. Sprinters, specifically, require the ability to generate high amounts of force for a short time period during their event and their nutrition can be tailored to optimize their performance. In general,...

  9. Bone health and the female athlete triad in adolescent athletes

    Bone is composed of a calcium-containing mineral called hydroxyapatite deposited on a phosphate-containing matrix. Bone mineral density (BMD) is defined as the amount of inorganic salts (ex. calcium and phosphate) exists per volume of bone. High bone density and high peak bone mass (PBM) are...

  10. Fluid balance of elite Brazilian youth soccer players during consecutive days of training

    Dehydration is possible during exercise when the athlete does not consume enough fluid to compensate for fluid losses, mostly due to increased sweating. Dehydration can cause a decrease in performance. Despite access to beverages, adult athletes often do not consume adequate fluid to replenish...

  11. Fluid replacement requirements for child athletes (A review)

    Dehydration occurs when one sweats to dissipate heat and then doesn’t drink enough water to compensate. Children were once believed to not be able to regulate their body temperature as well as adults while exercising, and especially while exercising in high heat. However, more recent data...

  12. Anthropometric characteristics and nutritional profile of young amateur swimmers

    Adolescents involved in intense training practices often consume inadequate amounts of vitamins, minerals, fluid, carbohydrates, and even energy. This can decrease their performance in sport and daily activities, and could potentially hinder growth and development.

  13. Impact of a combined diet and progressive exercise intervention for overweight and obese children: the B.E. H.I.P. study

    Interpretation of findings/Key practice applications: The intervention successfully ameliorated the physiologic profiles of overweight and obese children. However, the amount, intensity, and type of physical activities necessary to achieve optimal results have not been...

  14. Anorexia athletica in pre-professional ballet dancers

    Key practice applications:  It appears that ballet dancers do not have an increased risk of clinical AN, despite the strong pressures to be thin.  However, it may be more difficult to recognize AN in this cohort due to their already slender size, so teammates,...

  15. The body composition, nutritional knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and future education needs of senior schoolboy rugby players in Ireland

    Rugby is a high intensity sport that is gaining popularity in the US and other parts of the world. Irish school-age students are given courses on basic nutrition but not sport-specific advice.

  16. Contemporary Sports Nutrition Abstracts and Articles

    On this page, you will find helpful sports nutrition articles and abstracts culled from 47 nutrition and exercise journals from July 2015.
    The articles below were selected only if they included research in humans, although exceptions were made for particularly interesting and...

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